Sunflower oil properties can be predicted by genetic analysis

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Jul 12, 2021 23:39 IST

Moscow [Russia], July 12 (ANI): Throughout a brand new examine, Skoltech researchers and their colleagues from the College of Southern California carried out a genetic evaluation of a Russian sunflower assortment.
The analysis revealed in BMC Genomics recognized genetic markers that may assist predict the oil’s fatty acid composition.
Genomic choice, which helps rapidly create new crop varieties, has been a much-discussed subject worldwide for the final 10 years. DNA sequencing and in depth genotyping have been utilized to acquire genetic profiles of crops.
When analyzed and in comparison with subject information, these profiles assist determine genetic markers for traits of curiosity to farming and predict the properties and worth of a crop based mostly on its genetic profile alone.
“Our work is the primary large-scale examine of the Russian sunflower genetic assortment and one of many first makes an attempt to create new varieties utilizing genomic choice. Predicting what a plant shall be like earlier than really planting it – an concept that appeared completely unrealistic till just lately – has change into commonplace in lots of international locations due to technological advances.

Classical breeding can hardly address the challenges posed by world local weather change, rising human wants, and evolving meals high quality necessities. To get a head begin, we should always flip to genetics,” Alina Chernova, Skoltech PhD and lead writer of the examine, notes.
This long-term analysis mission has been carried out by a joint workforce led by Skoltech professor Philipp Khaitovich and that includes scientists from Skoltech, the College of Southern California, Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Sources, and Pustovoit All-Russian Analysis Institute of Oil Crops, joined by breeders from the seed-producing firm Agroplasma.
The workforce checked out species from two main Russian sunflower gene banks and Agroplasma’s assortment. Their genetic evaluation lined 601 strains of cultivated sunflower to verify genetic range in opposition to the worldwide assortment and examine the outcomes with chemical checks of oil obtained from these strains. Bioinformatic evaluation revealed genetic markers that may assist management the oil’s fatty acid content material.
“The explanation we selected the sunflower is that it’s a key supply of vegetable fat, and Russia is the world’s main provider of sunflower oil. You may range the oil’s fatty acid composition – which was the main target of our analysis – to acquire oils with completely different properties appropriate for roasting, dressings or industrial makes use of,” Skoltech PhD pupil and examine co-author Rim Gubaev stated.
“Because of this mission, we have now gained priceless insights and constructed a workforce of like-minded individuals eager on serving to breeders to introduce genetics of their work. We now have based Oil Gene – it is a startup that may concentrate on sensible duties and supply genomic choice companies,” Gubaev provides. (ANI)

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